The Park is located at 180 kilometers west from the city of Mendoza.It was declared a natural protected area in 1983.
It embraces around 71.000 acres, protecting an important sector of the Central Andes, where they reach there maximum altitude with the Aconcagua Mountain (6962 meters over the sea level).
The zone is also important for its glaciers as water reservoirs and its archeological rests.
THERE ARE TWO ENTRIES TO ACONCAGUA PARK
For Plaza de Mulas or the North Face:
The beginning of the trail is situated at the Horcones lake, at 5 Km. from Puente del Inca.
For Plaza Argentina or the Polish Glacier:
The beginning of the trail is located at Punta de Vacas, at 15 Km. from Puente del Inca and at 5 Km. from Penitentes.
The origin of its name, obviously is quechua and derives from “Ackon Cahuak” which translates to “Rock Sentinel”.
Aconcagua is one of the tallest mountains in the world, its height is of 6959 mts, it attracts climbers from all the latitudes and can be seen from the highway that connects Argentina and Chile.
The highest summit of America is found in the Argentina Republic, in the province of Mendoza. It is located approximately between the 70º longitude west and 32º40′ latitude south.
As we can see the Aconcagua is presented as a mountain with diverse geographical qualities: we have the south face with its great vertical walls and hanging glaciers as the most difficult route; the north route or normal route being the most frequented it has a very good marked trail; and finally to the east we have the Polish Glacier route.
The Aconcagua Mountain is not a volcano, it is a wide pedestal of marine sediments covered with a volcanic mass, it is a solid elevation which culminates in two peaks, north and south being the north peak the highest.
The biggest challenge of this mountain is its altitude, cold and severe climate, factors that never must be disesteemed in the intent to reach the peak of the ceiling of America
Many international guidelines and experts compare the Aconcagua climbers to the Himalayas and to climb the Aconcagua has a psychological and physiological demands such as the rise of a hill 8,000 meters.
Weather conditions in the Central Andes, at the same height, are much more severe in the Himalayas. For example, in this chain, vegetation reaches 5,000 meters, unlike in the Central Andes as the vegetation cover, hardly reaches 3.500mts.
In the Aconcagua, the relative humidity is very low and the percentage of oxygen also decreases by the same reazon. The winds produce low pressure areas that intensify these effects of any expedition here.